Author: Anna ('20)
Part of HIPE’s job at Urban is to inform the Urban Community about their rights & what they can do to be healthy. This short article is meant to be a brief rundown on Minor-Doctor confidentiality rights in California.
But first, some basic legal knowledge is needed. A “minor” is legally defined as a person who is under the age of 18, and when it comes to the medical world, minor-patient rights generally fall under two areas: informed consent & confidentiality. Informed Consent is the idea that a patient is able to know about their condition, most information regarding their treatment, and any predictable risks, benefits, or alternative treatments, and can then give consent to have that procedure done or not done. When it comes to minors, dependent on state law, they have the ability to give sole consent (thus not needing the consent of their parent) under certain circumstances or for certain procedures. Confidentiality, in relation to medical treatment, means that no information related to the treatment or procedure (like medical records) can be disclosed without the explicit permission & consent of the patient. But again when discussing minors this is subject to state law, as certain information can be disclosed to the parent regardless of the minor’s wishes.
According to the California Healthcare Foundation, “Many states have laws that outline the specific circumstances under which minors may consent to receive health care services. These laws generally fall into two categories: (1) those that allow consent based on the status of the minor (e.g., married or emancipated) and (2) those that allow consent based on the type of health care service the minor is seeking (e.g., reproductive or mental health care).”
This article will be going into depth on a couple of specific ones: Birth Control, STIs, & Alcohol/Drug Counseling.
In California, as a minor, you have access to birth control (all kinds – including pills, IUD, shots, emergency contraception/morning after pill), pregnancy testing, abortion, prenatal care, labor, and delivery, care if you have been sexually assaulted, drug/alcohol abuse treatment (12+), mental health services (12+), and STI and HIV testing and treatment (12+) without the consent of a parent. But dependent on the situation parent can still be notified of your treatment.
Birth Control: Very simply, any minor may receive birth control & health care provider is not permitted to inform a parent or legal guardian
STI/HIV: Any 12-year-old or older can request testing or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV/AIDS). Health care providers are not permitted to inform parents or legal guardians without the minor’s consent. The provider can only share the minor’s medical records with the signed consent of the minor.
Drug/Alcohol: Any 12-year-old or older can “consent to medical care and counseling relating to the diagnosis and treatment of a drug or alcohol-related problem.” But if the program where you are getting this treatment is government-funded, your records will be considered confidential & no parent/guardian will be notified of your treatment. If the program where you are getting treatment is not federally-assisted/government-funded than it is mandatory that the medical staff attempt to contact your parent or guardian. But note, that California law gives Health Care Providers the right to refuse access to medical records if they believe that it will cause a detrimental affect on parent/guardian and patient relationships.
*The chart (at the top) was created by the Adolescent Health Working Group lays out which services minors can receive without parental consent & which services are confidential.
http://www.publichealth.lacounty.gov/dhsp/Providers/toolkit2.pdf, https://www.nyclu.org/sites/default/files/thl.pdf, https://www.chcf.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/PDF-PrivacyPleaseHealthConsentMinors.pdf, https://www.chhs.ca.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Committees/California-Child-Welfare-Council/CSEC-Program-Convening/CA-Moinior-Consent-and-Confidentiality-Laws.pdf, & http://dpbh.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/dpbhnvgov/content/Boards/RBHPB/Meetings/2018/CA%20Minor%20Consent%20Laws_Mental%20Health%20Services.pdf
Author: Claire S '20
Morning Breakfast or Afternoon Snack
Here are a couple of my favorite smoothies that I like to make in the mornings or after school when I get home. They are both super simple to make and takes less than 5 minutes, enjoy!
Serving size: 1-2
Serving size: 1-2
Hannah S ('19)
Disclaimer: We at HIPE are not health care professionals. Please contact your healthcare provider before using of any form of birth control. Remember that prescribed birth control does not protect against STDs and all of these forms of birth control are safest used for sex when combined with a condom. Given the results of a survey sent out to the student body, the following are the most commonly used types of birth control, but are not the only forms. Always consult your physician or health care provider before going on birth control.
Again, these are not the only forms of birth control, and you should consult your doctor or heath teacher with further questions.
Hannah S '19
So, you have some free time. Maybe you finished all your homework, you just got back from practice, or you just need a little break. A nice bath sounds really good to you, so you run it. 15 minutes later you’re sitting in a lukewarm tub of water, and you can hear your family yelling. How do you fix this stressful mess? Let me tell you.
Hilary R ('19)
With the copious amounts of representation of women's bodies in the media, it is important to understand that body standards change frequently and there is specifically no ONE TYPE of ideal body. Perception of our individual physiques derive from what we see depicted as “beautiful”, “sexy” or “pretty” in the media. However, what is not advertised well enough is what really matters most; that you feel confident, comfortable and healthy in your own skin. Body satisfaction is a known struggle for most adolescent teens but it is a significant component to self love as well as sexual pleasure. Achieving a positive perception of your own body will make sexual connection with another person or yourself way more intimate, pleasurable, and fun. As well as a positive sense of your body, a genuine smile and confident attitude can make someone more attractive instead of altering their body in ways that are unhealthy.
While looking at the snapchat discover of buzzfeed (as I do), I came upon this video that they created portraying different “ideal” body types throughout the years. You may have seen this before but I think that it is a lovely reminder that the idea of the “perfect body type” is utterly ridiculous because women's bodies have, and are continuously changing.
Although this article is specially oriented toward female body image, here is also a great piece about men's body image representation . It’s #3, ”The ugliness of body image”